Dental crowns, commonly referred to as caps, are custom-made dental restorations that cover and protect damaged or decayed teeth. They produce a seamless and attractive effect because they are made to closely resemble the natural size, shape, and colour of your existing teeth. Dental crowns are used to restore the functionality, strength, and appearance of a tooth that has been compromised due to decay, trauma, or other oral health issues.

At our dental hospital, we take pride in having a team of highly skilled and experienced dentists who specialize in dental crowns. Our dentists understand the importance of a healthy and beautiful smile, and they work closely with each patient to develop personalized treatment plans and deliver exceptional results.

Who Need Braces?

Crooked teeth:

Your timely observation is the key to detect them. Adverse habits in children even after 4years of age should be observed by you and the dentist should be consulted. A dentist will check and take the concerned X Rays and quote the exact cause.

Improper bite:

Missing or broken teeth, trauma to the face or facet joint or stress from clenching or grinding of the teeth can result in an improper bite.

Protruding teeth:

Children usually have an upper front tooth protruded as a result of genetics. They become worse if a child has a habit of sucking on their thumb or their pacifier for many years, if they have developed poor chewing habits or if they have the nervous habit of tongue thrusting against their teeth.

Problems with tooth eruption:

Early or delayed eruption of teeth can lead to misalignment.

Missing teeth:

A significant space in the arch results in a disturbance in the appearance of the face and smile.

When Is A Good Time To Start Braces?

In the majority of people who have crooked teeth but the normal growth of their jaw, treatment can commence when most of the permanent teeth are out. This usually occurs around the age of 11 to 13 years.

More adults here are seeking orthodontic treatment to improve their appearance, as well as oral health and function, but some of them don’t prefer due to pain or because they think they are too old for it.

Different Types of Braces:

Most of us are unaware of the fact that braces don’t just come in metal or black forms. In fact, there are 4 different types of braces that include – metal, ceramic, invisible aligners and lingual braces. Let’s have a clear idea of these types below.

Conventional Metal Braces

Conventional metal braces are brackets made of stainless steel which are fixed to the teeth’s external surface. An arch supporting wire runs through the brackets and is held in place by elastic bands. These bands can exert pressure on the teeth and gradually, drift the teeth into their new position. Metal braces are the cheapest, most durable and most effective in treating badly misaligned teeth. They are clearly visible on the teeth. You may be self-conscious when you smile. The metal wires and braces may trap food particles and hurt your gums during the initial adjustment phase.

Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are tooth-colored braces affixed to the teeth’s outer surface. They are usually recommended for the upper front teeth. Ceramic braces are more natural-looking. They can chip or break. They are harder to remove, stain easily and take longer to straighten your teeth than traditional metal braces.

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are like metal braces except that they are custom-fitted to the back surfaces of teeth instead of the front, so no one knows you are wearing braces. They are 100 % invisible. Lingual braces may affect your speech and hurt your tongue. They trap food particles easily and are harder to clean. It is important to practice proper oral hygiene.

Invisible Aligners

Of all the braces, aligners, are the most aesthetically pleasing. They are invisible and can be removed before eating or brushing your teeth. They are comfortable and easier to clean. Aligners may cost more than traditional metal or ceramic braces. They are not suitable for severely crowded or misaligned teeth.

After having braces on for a year or two, you may have stains around the brackets. That is the reason it is so important to clean your teeth properly when you have braces.

The Procedure of Braces/Orthodontic Treatment

Typically, orthodontic treatment takes from 6 to 8 months depending on the types of dental devices used, classification of malocclusion, and amount of bone support. Based on teeth irregularity, this treatment may occur either in 2 or 3 different phases.

We have mentioned a clear overview of these treatment stages.

Stage 1 – The Planning Phase

In this stage, the orthodontist will analyze and diagnose the present situation to find out the best possible way to realign the teeth. During the initial visits, a dentist performs following evaluations.

Medical and Dental Evaluations

Usually, dental problems can be a trigger factor for many physical problems. Problems in the oral cavity can be a reason for a lung infection, cough, fever, and several other medical issues. The main motive of this evaluation is to find out any medical issues that are directly caused by dental issues. This ensures the medical condition of the person is completely under control before the conception of the orthodontic treatment.

Taking Impressions or Making a Study Model

In this evaluation, the patient is asked to bite down on a dental tray which contains gel substance which hardens in a few minutes. Later the removed tray will be filled up with plaster – which helps in creating the model of patient’s teeth. This model will help the dentist in analyzing the position of each tooth, gaps between the teeth and other factors.

Panoramic X-rays

X-rays are beneficial in analyzing potential complications, finding out any pre-existing internal damage in the jaw. They help the orthodontist in analyzing than the position of each tooth and their roots.

Images Generated by Computer

These images help the orthodontist in designing the treatment plan and analyze how the custom treatment will affect the symmetry of jaw and shape of the face.


Some orthodontists like to take before, during and after photographs of the teeth as well as the face to understand how well the treatment is going and impact of it on the patient’s face.

Stage 2 – The Active Phase

After analyzing the present situation by considering the diagnosis performed in stage 1, a customized treatment plan will be presented to the patient. Later, the orthodontist will recommend the customized orthodontic device for proper teeth alignment. This appliance can be either fixed or removable. Traditional fixed braces stay fixed and use individual dental brackets connected by a wire. Lingual braces are also fixed but they have also placed another side of teeth which makes them less visible. Whatever the device might be, the dentist has to adjust the pressure as per the requirement. It is important to visit an orthodontist at regular intervals so that if the device breaks or damaged then it can be resolved as soon as possible.

Stage 3 – The Retention Phase

Once the teeth are properly aligned, either removable or fixed braces will be removed completely. The most troublesome part of wearing braces is over by this stage. Now, the orthodontist will create a customized retainer – which ensures the teeth do not shift back to its original positions. This device has to be kept on the teeth for a specific period of time daily. In this phase, the jawbone reforms around the realigned teeth in order to fully stabilize the corrected alignment.

Precautions and Special Considerations

Before The Braces Treatment

During The Braces Treatment

Post Braces Treatment

The benefits of braces include:


No, braces are suitable for people of all ages looking to improve their dental alignment.

While there might be an adjustment period, you can still participate in sports. Consider using a mouthguard for added protection.

There might be some initial discomfort when getting braces and after adjustments, but it’s manageable and temporary.

It’s best to avoid chewing gum, as it can stick to your braces and wires.

Regular adjustment visits are typically scheduled every 4 to 6 weeks to ensure the progress of your treatment.

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